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Despre Sibiu - Ceccar - Filiala Sibiu
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Despre Sibiu

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ISTORIC Sibiu

Sibiul este situat in partea sudica a Transilvaniei, pe raul Cibin si se situeaza la 45°47' latitudine nordica (in linie cu Lyon) si 24°05' longitudine estica (aproximativ in linie cu Atena), foarte aproape de centrul geografic al Romaniei.
Altitudinea fata de nivelul marii variaza intre 415 m in Orasul de Jos si 431 m in Orasul de Sus.
Populatia orasului este de 170000 locuitori.

Majoritatea populatiei este de religie ortodoxa. Protestantii si catolicii reprezinta 4% din populatie.

25% din populatie are peste 50 ani iar 18% din populatie are studii superioare.

Prin Sibiu trec drumurile europene E 68 (Arad - Sibiu - Brasov) si E 81 (Cluj - Sibiu - Pitesti - Bucuresti)

Sibiul este un important nod de cale ferata si dispune de un aeroport international cu curse regulate spre Germania si Italia.

Localitatea se afla in zona temperat-continentala, cu influente termice datorate muntilor din vecinatate.
Temperatura medie anuala este de 8,9 ° Celsius.
Recordurile de temperatura inregistrate sunt de 37,6 ° Celsius (la Boita in 1949) si -34,4 ° Celsius (la Sibiu in 1888).
Iernile sunt ferite de viscole grele, primaverile sunt frumoase, verile racuroase si toamnele tarzii.
Media anuala a precipitatiilor este de 662 mm, cu valori minime in februarie si maxime in iunie.
Clima, relieful si structura solului sibian creeaza conditii prielnice pentru o flora si o fauna bogata. Prin pozitia sa, orasul se afla in zona padurilor de stejari si gorun.


1192
- Sibiul este atestat documentar, fiind cunoscut sub denumirea de Cibinium
1244 - Se instituie Comitatul de Sibiu, orasul devenind centru administrativ si politic
1366 - Sibiul este declarat oras, fiind mentionat in documentecu numele de Hermannstadt
1481 - Apare Codex Altemberger, cartea de drept orasului
1544 - Se tipareste prima carte in limba romana: Catehismulromanesc
1692 - 1791 - Sibiul este capitala Transilvaniei
1844 - Se deschide Academia de Drept din Sibiu
1861 - Se infinteaza Asociatia transilvana pt literatura romana sicultura poporului roman
1918 - Dupa Marea Unire la Sibiu se constituie Cosiliul Dirigent, asemantor unui guvern provizoriu


GEOGRAFIA Sibiului

Situat in centrul Romaniei, judetul Sibiu se intinde pe o suprafata de 5432 kmp
Cuprinde 2 municipii, 7 orase si 53 de comune cu 175 de sate

     Vecini:

  • Mures - la NORD
  • Brasov - la EST
  • Arges si  Valcea - la SUD
  • Alba - la VEST






POPULATIE
Informatii privind populatia JUD. SIBIU
  • Total locuitori - 444940
  • Populatie urbana - 303113
  • Populatie rurala - 141827
  • Sex masculin - 215753
  • Sex feminin - 229187



Densitate medie - 81,9.locuitori /kmp